ANATOMI TEORI STRUKTURASI DAN IDEOLOGI JALAN KETIGA ANTHONY GIDDENS

Abstract views: 282 , pdf downloads: 93
Keywords: agensi, dualitas, modernitas, sosiologi pembangunan, struktur, strukturasi

Abstract

Kemunculan teori strukturation oleh Anthony Giddens, merupakan tanggapan terhadap klaim post-strukturalis. Strukturasi menyatakan manusia memiliki kemampuan membuat struktur dan secara sukarela menentukan struktur untuk mereka sendiri, artinya manusia memiliki kebebasan penuh untuk membangun lingkungan hidup sendiri. Salah satu nomenklatur khas dalam teori strukturasi adalah hubungan manusia sebagai “agency” terhadap “struktur” atau institusi. Artikel ini memaparkan hubungan antara nomenklatur dan konsep-konsep dalam teori strukturasi dan memberikan contoh kontektual dan relevan. Gagasan tentang kontinum ruang-waktu memberikan kemudahan untuk memahami fenomena geografis. Perkotaan merupakan arena yang memiliki serangkaian hubungan yang rumit antara manusia dan lingkungannya, seperti: penataan tempat tinggal, mobilitas dalam lingkungan, persaingan ekonomi, pekerjaan dan sebagainya. Pemahaman terhadap kompleksitas teori strukturasi Giddens dapat dimanfaatkan untuk penerapan pembangunan modernitas di dalam masyarakat. Globalisasi, modernitas dan Jalan Ketiga merupakan diskusi yang menarik dan dalam dari pemikiran orisinal dan cerdas Anthony Giddens berikutnya. Jalan Ketiga menjelma sebagai ideologi politik tengah diantara dua kutub idelogi sosialisme kiri dan kapitalisme kanan.

Author Biography

Zainal Abidin Achmad, UPN Veteran Jawa Timur

Senior Lecturer in Communication Science, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences. Expert in Media and Cultural Studies, Social Research Method, Mass Media Research, Ethnography, Sociology of Communication and Political Communication

References

Achmad, Z. A. and Alamiyah, S. S. (2015) ‘Relation Between Political Economic of Media with the Strategies for Radio Positioning to Maintain the Existence of Commercial Radio (Case Study of JJFM Radio in Surabaya)’, in International Conference on Democacy and Accountability (ICoDA). Surabaya: Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Airlangga, pp. 188–193.

Adams, I. (2002) Political Ideology Today. 2nd edn. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Beck, U. (1992) Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity. London: SAGE Publications Ltd.

Beck, U., Giddens, A. and Lash, S. (1994) Reflexive Modernization: Politics, Tradition and Aesthetics in the Modern Social Order. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Beilharz, P. (1991) Social Theory: A Guide to Central Thinkers. St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin.

Bryant, C. G. A. and Jary, D. (eds) (1991) Giddens’ Theory of Structuration: A critical appreciation. London and New York: Routledge.

Clark, J., Modgil, C. and Modgil, S. (1990) Anthony Giddens: Consensus and controversy. Consensus. London: Falmer Press.

Cloke, P., Philo, C. and Sadler, D. (1991) Approaching human geography: an introduction to contemporary theoretical debates. London: Paul Chapman.

Craib, I. (1992) Anthony Giddens. London: Routledge.

Fakih, M. (2004) ‘Neoliberalisme dan Globalisasi’, Al-Manär: Ekonomi Politik Digital Journal, 1(1), pp. 1–12. Available at: https://mirror.unpad.ac.id/orari/library/cd-al-manaar-digilib/bahan/8. EKONOMI POLITIK/3. Neoliberalisme dan Globalisasi.pdf.

Fukuyama, F. (1992) The End of History and the Last Man. New York: The Free Press.

Giddens, A. (1971) Capitalism and Modern Social Theory: An Analysis of the Writings of Marx, Durkheim and Max Weber. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Giddens, A. (1973) The Class Structure of the Advanced Societies. London: Hutchinson University Library.

Giddens, A. (1976) New Rules of Sociological Method: A Positive Critique of Interpretative Sociologies. 2nd edn. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.

Giddens, A. (1979) Central Problems in Social Theory: Action, structure and contradiction in social analysis. Basingstoke: Palgrave.

Giddens, A. (1981) A Contemporary Critique of Historical Materialism: Vol. 1 Power, property and the state. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.

Giddens, A. (1984) The Constitution of Society. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Polity Press.

Giddens, A. (1990) The Consequences of Modernity. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.

Giddens, A. (1991) Modernity and Self-Identity: Self and Society in the Late Modern Age. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.

Giddens, A. (1992) The Transformation of Intimacy: Sexuality, Love and Eroticism in Modern Societies. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.

Giddens, A. (1994) Beyond Left and Right: The Future of Radical Politics, Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.

Giddens, A. (1995) Politics, Sociology and Social Theory: Encounters with Classical and Contemporary Social Thought. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Giddens, A. (1998) The Third Way: The Renewal of Social Democracy. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.

Giddens, A. (1999) Runaway World: How Globalisation is Reshaping our Lives. London: Profile Books.

Giddens, A. (2000) The Third Way and its Critics. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.

Giddens, A. (2002) Where Now for New Labour? Cambridge: Polity.

Giddens, A. (2006) Sociology. 5th edn. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.

Giddens, A. (2007a) Europe in the Global Age. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Giddens, A. (2007b) Over to You, Mr Brown–How Labour Can Win Again. Cambridge: Polity.

Giddens, A. and Held, D. (eds) (1982) Classes, Power, and Conflict: Classical and Contemporary Debates. London and Basingtoke: Macmillan Education.

Giddens, A. and Pierson, C. (1998) Conversations with Anthony Giddens: Making Sense of Modernity. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.

Gould, C. C. (1990) Rethinking Democracy: Freedom and Social Cooperation in Politics, Economy, and Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hall, S. and Jacques, M. (eds) (1990) New Times: The Changing Face of Politics in 1990s. London: Lawrence & Wishart.

Hatta, M. (2000) Sosialisme Religius Suatu Jalan Keempat. Yogyakarta: Kreasi Wacana.

Hutton, W. and Giddens, A. (eds) (2000) Global Capitalism. New York: The New Press.

Mashud, M. (2001) ‘Analisis Politik Ekonomi Petani Dalam Struktur Hubungan antara Negara dan Pasar’, Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik, XIV(4), pp. 77-88.

Mashud, M. (2010) Sosiologi Pembangunan. Tangerang Selatan: Universitas Terbuka. Available at: http://www.pustaka.ut.ac.id/lib/wp-content/uploads/pdfmk/SOSI4411-M1.pdf.

McClelland, J. S. (2005) A History of Western Political Thought, A History of Western Political Thought. London and New York: Routledge. doi: 10.4324/9780203980743.

Raharjo, D. (1999) Islam dan Tranformasi Sosial Ekonomi, Lembaga Studi Agama dan Filsafat. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Sasono, A. (1998) Solusi Islam Atas Problem Umat. Jakarta: Gema Insani Press.

Whittington, R. (2015) ‘Giddens, structuration theory and strategy as practice’, in Cambridge Handbook of Strategy as Practice, Second Edition, pp. 145–164. doi: 10.1017/CCO9781139681032.009.

Published
2020-09-01
How to Cite
Achmad, Z. A. (2020). ANATOMI TEORI STRUKTURASI DAN IDEOLOGI JALAN KETIGA ANTHONY GIDDENS. Translitera : Jurnal Kajian Komunikasi Dan Studi Media, 9(2), 45-62. https://doi.org/10.35457/translitera.v9i2.989