JURIDICAL REVIEW OF ABUSE OF CONDITION (MISBRUIK VAN OMSTANDIGHEDEN) AS REASON FOR CANCELLATION OF A DEBT AGREEMENT

This study aims to find out the reasons for the cancellation of the receivables debt agreement containing elements of Misbruik Van Omstandigheden and the legal consequences for the parties. In this study, normative juridical research methods were applied to examine laws and regulations, legal rules, and legal principles to answer the problem of misuse of the situation. The source of the data is Judgment Number: 778/Rev.G/2017/PN. Jkt.Cells, laws and regulations, official documents, government regulations, and correlated literature. The results of the study concluded that the debt receivables agreement was made between the Plaintiff, Defendant, Co-Defendant I, Co-Defendant II and Co-Defendant III in Judgment Number: 778/Rev.G/2017/PN. Jkt.Sel about the misuse of circumstances in the debt receivables agreement that does not meet the subjective requirements is contained in Article 1320 of the Civil Code, so this agreement is considered an abuse of circumstances and it can be said that this agreement is null and void. As a result of the legal annulment of an agreement made because there is an abuse of the defective circumstances of the will in an agreement in which one of the parties to the agreement has a superior position, the agreement made and agreed upon becomes a null and void agreement with an element of abuse with economic superiority.

  • Brigitta Diffania UPN Veteran Jawa Timur
  • Wiwin Yulianingsih UPN Veteran Jawa Timur
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Keywords: abuse of circumsatnces, debt receivable agreement, cancellation

Abstract

This study aims to find out the reasons for the cancellation of the receivables debt agreement containing elements of Misbruik Van Omstandigheden and the legal consequences for the parties. In this study, normative juridical research methods were applied to examine laws and regulations, legal rules, and legal principles to answer the problem of misuse of the situation. The source of the data is Judgment Number: 778/Rev.G/2017/PN. Jkt.Cells, laws and regulations, official documents, government regulations, and correlated literature. The results of the study concluded that the debt receivables agreement was made between the Plaintiff, Defendant, Co-Defendant I, Co-Defendant II and Co-Defendant III in Judgment Number: 778/Rev.G/2017/PN. Jkt.Sel about the misuse of circumstances in the debt receivables agreement that does not meet the subjective requirements is contained in Article 1320 of the Civil Code, so this agreement is considered an abuse of circumstances and it can be said that this agreement is null and void. As a result of the legal annulment of an agreement made because there is an abuse of the defective circumstances of the will in an agreement in which one of the parties to the agreement has a superior position, the agreement made and agreed upon becomes a null and void agreement with an element of abuse with economic superiority.

References

● BOOK
[1] Agus Yudha Hernoko.2009. Hukum Perjanjian Asas Proporsionalitas Dalam Kontrak Komersial. Jakarta: Kencana Prenadamedia Group.
[2] Gatot Supramono. 2013. Perjanjian Utang Piutang. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group.
[3] Henry P.Panggabean. 2001. Penyalahgunaan Keadaan (Misbmik van Omstandigheden) Sebagai Alasan untuk Pembatalan Perjanjian. Yogyakarta: Liberty.
[4] Miru, A. 2010. Hukum Kontrak Perancangan Kontrak. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers.
[5] R. Wiryono Prodjodikoro. 2004. Asas-asas Hukum Perjanjian. Bandung: Mandar Maju.
[6] Rendy Saputra. 2016. Kedudukan Penyalahgunaan Keadaan (Misbruik Van Omstadigheden) Dalam Hukum Perjanjian Indonesia. Jogjakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.
[7] Simanjuntak, P.N.H .2007. Pokok-pokok Hukum Perdata Indonesia. Jakarta: Djambatan.
[8] Suharnoko. 2004. Hukum Perjanjian Teori dan Analisa Kasus. Jakarta: Prenada Media.

• THE RULES OF LAW
[9] HIR (Het Herziene Indonesisch Reglement) dan RBg (Reglement voor de Buitengewesten)
[10] Kitab Undang – Undang Hukum Perdata.
[11] Undang-Undang Nomor 7 Tahun 1992 Tentang Perbankan
[12] Undang-Undang Dasar 1945
[13] Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 37 Tahun 2004 Tentang Kepailitan Dan Penundaan Kewajiban Pembayaran Utang
• OTHERS
[14] Ares Wijaya. 2008. Perlindungan Hukum Bagi Pihak Yang Mengalami Penyalahgunaan Keadaan Dalam Pembuatan Perjanjian. Yogyakarta: Universitas Atma Jaya.
[15] Beni Tri Prasetyo. 2010. Penyalahgunaan Keadaan Sebagai Alasan Pembatalan Perjanjian. Universitas Islam Indonesia Yogyakarta.
[16] Clara Anggradini. 2021. Tinjauan Yuridis Tentang Pembatalan Perjanjian Menurut Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Perdata. Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau.
[17] Dini Afifah Rahmayani & Tamsil. 2019. Tinjauan Yuridis Penyalahgunaan Keadaan (Misbruik Van Omstandigheden) Perjanjian Utang Piutang Menjadi Jual Beli Tanah (Studi Putusan Mahkamah Agung Nomor 192 Pk/Pdt/2014. Novum Jurnal Hukum.Vol.6.
[18] Fatmah Paparang. 2016. Misbruik Van Omstandigheden Dalam Perkembangan Hukum Kontrak. Jurnal Hukum Unsrat. Vol. 22.

The author would like to thank those who have assisted the author in conducting this research so that in its implementation it can run as it should, and have provided financial and institutional

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Published
2022-11-06
How to Cite
Diffania, B., & Yulianingsih, W. (2022). JURIDICAL REVIEW OF ABUSE OF CONDITION (MISBRUIK VAN OMSTANDIGHEDEN) AS REASON FOR CANCELLATION OF A DEBT AGREEMENT: This study aims to find out the reasons for the cancellation of the receivables debt agreement containing elements of Misbruik Van Omstandigheden and the legal consequences for the parties. In this study, normative juridical research methods were applied to examine laws and regulations, legal rules, and legal principles to answer the problem of misuse of the situation. The source of the data is Judgment Number: 778/Rev.G/2017/PN. Jkt.Cells, laws and regulations, official documents, government regulations, and correlated literature. The results of the study concluded that the debt receivables agreement was made between the Plaintiff, Defendant, Co-Defendant I, Co-Defendant II and Co-Defendant III in Judgment Number: 778/Rev.G/2017/PN. Jkt.Sel about the misuse of circumstances in the debt receivables agreement that does not meet the subjective requirements is contained in Article 1320 of the Civil Code, so this agreement is considered an abuse of circumstances and it can be said that this agreement is null and void. As a result of the legal annulment of an agreement made because there is an abuse of the defective circumstances of the will in an agreement in which one of the parties to the agreement has a superior position, the agreement made and agreed upon becomes a null and void agreement with an element of abuse with economic superiority. JOSAR (Journal of Students Academic Research), 7(2), 479-491. https://doi.org/10.35457/josar.v8i2.2483
Section
Articles