JOSAR (Journal of Students Academic Research) JOSAR (Journal of Students Academic Research) Universitas Islam Balitar en-US JOSAR (Journal of Students Academic Research) 2502-8251 <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol type="a"> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under aÂ&nbsp;<a href="" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>Â&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (SeeÂ&nbsp;<a href="" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> </ol> THE INTERTEXTUALITY BETWEEN “HOPE” BY EMILY DICKINSON AND “CAGED BIRD” BY MAYA ANGELOU <p>This research is classified as descriptive qualitative research. The researcher took the theme of literature appreciation which refers to one type of literature, namely poems. The writer compared two poems, namely Emily Dickinson's "Hope" and Maya Angelou's "Caged Bird". The purpose of the study was to determine the intertextuality of the two poems which were classified in the form of similar themes, contexts and circumstances. The results of this study indicate that there are similarities in the theme, context and circumstances contained in certain verses in the two poems.</p> Rosid Humam Copyright (c) 2022 JOSAR (Journal of Students Academic Research) 2022-09-06 2022-09-06 8 2 1 8 10.35457/josar.v8i2.2382 STUDENTS' EFFORT FOR ACHIEVEMENT IN STRENGTHENING CONFIDENCE CHARACTER TOWARDS BODY SHAMING BEHAVIOR AT SMAN 1 GEDANGAN <p><em>This study describes the efforts made by outstanding students at SMAN 1 Gedangan regarding strengthening the self-confidence character of the body shaming they experience. This study aims to analyze the efforts made by outstanding students at SMAN 1 Gedangan regarding strengthening their self-confidence character over the experience of body shaming. The theory used is the self-confidence theory by Peter Lauster. The type of research used is a qualitative approach with a case study research design. The data collection techniques in this study were in-depth interviews, observation, and documentation, with research informants selected using the criteria (1) outstanding students at SMAN 1 Gedangan, (2) aged 16-17 years, (3) had and or were experiencing behavior body shaming. The results of this study indicate that the presence of body shaming not make achieving students experience a bad impact, but the experience of body shaming becomes a source of strength for high achieving students to strengthen self-confidence through four efforts, namely (1) improving self-quality by honing competence and praying to God Almighty as a fortress of faith, (2) turning weakness into strength, (3) building self-construction of body shaming into a source of positive strength for students, (4) building self-esteem through achievement.</em></p> Lailatin Rohmatun Nisa Copyright (c) 2022 JOSAR (Journal of Students Academic Research) 2022-09-11 2022-09-11 8 2 9 28 10.35457/josar.v8i2.2389 DEVELOPING HOPSCOTCH BOARD FOR LEARNING READING OF DESCRIPTIVE TEXT IN JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL <p><em>The aims of this research are to develop a hopscotch board for learning reading of a descriptive text in junior high schools, know the validity of the developed hopscotch board for learning reading of the descriptive text, and gain the teachers’ and students’ responses toward the developed hopscotch board for learning reading of the descriptive text. This research adapted Research and Development (R&amp;D) design based on Sugiyono’s model, which includes: (1) Finding potential and problem solution; (2) Design and development; (3) Experts validation and revision; (4) Teachers’ and students’ responses; (5) Evaluation by experts and revision; and (6) Final product. The findings revealed that: (1) the model of developed hopscotch board for learning reading descriptive text consisted of a hopscotch board, markers, ownership signs, how to play (for one group instruction and more than one group instruction), cards (reading descriptive cards, exercise cards, a key answer of exercise cards, punishment cards, and key answer of punishment cards), and 2 guidebooks (for teacher and students). (2) The developed hopscotch board was valid, it was proved by the result of material experts’ validation of 95% (very valid), and media experts’ validation of 95% (very valid). Furthermore, (3) Students and teachers gave positive responses toward the developed hopscotch board as learning media for learning to read the descriptive text as reflected in the result of the questionnaire given in which got 89% (very good) from students and 90% (very good) from the teachers. From the result above, we can infer that the developed hopscotch board was valid and appropriate to be used as an alternative media for learning reading of the descriptive text in junior high schools.</em></p> Lutfi Nuraini Ismaiyah Dian Fadhilawati Copyright (c) 2022 JOSAR (Journal of Students Academic Research) 2022-09-14 2022-09-14 8 2 29 41 10.35457/josar.v8i2.2398 Mother's Knowledge Correlation on Balanced Nutritional Behavior with Toddler Nutritional Status in Sukosewu Village, Gandusari District <p><em>Mother’s nutritional knowledge determines all that the children eats. Mother’s who have a good knowledge of nutrition will form a good balanced nutrition behavior for children. The behavior will affect the nutriet intake and nutritional status of children. The purpose of the study is to know the correlation mother’s knowledge and attitudes on balanced nutrition with children’s nutritional status in Desa Sukosewu village Gandusari district. This study employed Analytical Survey Research with Cross Sectional Design. The study was carried out on Juni 2022 in Sukosewu village. The collecting data mothers’s knowledge on balanced nutrition and mother’s attitude on balance nutrition used questioner, and to collect child nutritional status data using Z- score with BB/U indikator. This study involved 68 respondents. Based on bivariate analysis were tested statistically Somers’d test, the test of the correlation mother’s knowledge and attitudes on balanced nutrition with children’s nutritional status in Sukosewu village Gandusari district obtained by value p = 0.000 which shows the correlation of mother’s knowledge on balanced nutrition with children’s nutritional status in Sukosewu village Gandusari district. On the test of attitudes on balanced nutrition with children’s nutritional status in kindergartens Sukosewu village Gandusari district obtained by value p = 0.000 shows that there is correlation attitudes on</em><em> balanced nutrition with children’s nutritional status in Sukosewu village Gandusari district.</em></p> Dian Puspita Anggraini Devita Sulistiana Copyright (c) 2022 JOSAR (Journal of Students Academic Research) 2022-09-23 2022-09-23 8 2 42 50 10.35457/josar.v8i2.2413 DEVELOPING CofiD-20 GAME FOR TEACHING READING COMPREHENSION TO THE TENTH GRADE STUDENT: RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT <p>The purpose of this study was to determine the game as a medium for learning reading comprehension that focuses on descriptive text, to determine English reading skills for learning reading comprehension, and to determine the ability of teachers and students' responses to the use of these media for learning reading comprehension in high school. The researcher adapted Sugiyono's research and development framework as a research reference. Adaptation is formulated in three phases, namely: basic research; design and development; and perception and finalization tests. The results showed that the game-based learning media had been validated by media and material experts and the responses of teachers and students had been carried out. The results of media experts 88.5% are included in the "Very Valid" category and an average of 81.3% material experts are included in the "Very Valid" category. The average teacher response was 87.2% included in the "Very Good" category and the average student response was 87.75% included in the "Very Good" category. From the results of the research above, it can be concluded that CofiD-20 Game as a learning media is valid and feasible to be used as a learning medium for learning reading comprehension.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Yudhi Irawan Supriyono Adin Fauzi Copyright (c) 2022 JOSAR (Journal of Students Academic Research) 2022-09-25 2022-09-25 8 2 51 64 10.35457/josar.v8i2.2414 A Literature Review: The Effect of Giving Lavender Aromatherapy On Sleep Quality In The Elderly <p>Elderly is the final stage of the development of the human life cycle, aging is generally defined as a progressive physiological decline after the reproductive stage of life. Common health problems in the elderly are sleep disturbances. Sleep disorders or insomnia is a condition of a person who does not get enough sleep at night, wakes up at night, or wakes up too early. The purpose of the literature review: to study the effect of using lavender aromatherapy on sleep quality in the elderly. The method used is a traditional review with the samples being accredited national and international journals. With inclusion criteria, national and international journals from different databases were selected independently by the researcher. The results: the use of lavender aromatherapy improves sleep quality in the elderly, with p value = 0.000. Improved sleep quality occurs by giving essential oils every night for 7 consecutive days. Conclusion: the use of lavender aromatherapy can be used to improve sleep quality in the elderly. Suggestion: for the elderly who have sleep disorders, you can use 5-6 drops of lavender aromatherapy oil on their pillows every night before going to bed.</p> Achmad Dwi Kurniawan Imam sunarno Muhammad Miftachul Ulum Copyright (c) 2022 JOSAR (Journal of Students Academic Research) 2022-09-25 2022-09-25 8 2 65 71 10.35457/josar.v8i2.2416 LEGAL PROTECTION OF THE PARTIES IN THE CRYPTO ASSETS INVESTMENT AGREEMENT ON THE INDODAX WEBSITE VIEWING FROM CIVIL LAW ASPECTS <p><strong><em>&nbsp;</em></strong></p> <p><em>Crypto can be interpreted as a data series that results from the formation of an electronic system, namely Cryptography that uses a peer-to-peer method in its work system, a system used as a transaction in cyberspace (cyber) will generate data or can also be referred to as an electronic document. . And by definition a crypto asset is a form of asset because crypto itself is also interpreted as an item that can be owned by a certain person or group and has economic value, which can be used and owned by legal entities or individuals. Therefore, Crypto is included in digital assets. It is the basis of Crypto users to make it not only as a means of payment but also as an asset for investment. Based on Article 1 Number 2 of the Commodity Futures Trading Act, crypto can be categorized as a commodity. Crypto is characterized by high volatility due to high price fluctuations. Crypto is legally declared as a commodity that can be traded in futures trading, namely as a crypto asset that can be used as the subject of a contract and then demands further regulation to be regulated by CoFTRA as a legal entity that carries out crypto transactions. The legal relationship that occurs between parties in the use of crypto can be known as a legal relationship between business actors and consumers or known as Business to Customer (B2C). PT. Indodax in this case can be called a business actor who offers digital asset exchange services and sells various types of digital assets to consumers (in this case users who are official members of PT. Indodax). Legal relationships are formed from the existence of electronic contracts. This can be a form of legal protection for consumers and businesses themselves.</em></p> <p><strong><em>&nbsp;</em></strong></p> Nanda Tribramantya Purnama Adhitya Widya Kartika Copyright (c) 2022 JOSAR (Journal of Students Academic Research) 2022-09-25 2022-09-25 8 2 72 85 10.35457/josar.v8i2.2417 A Improving The First Year Students’ Vocabulary Skill Using Song at SDN Mojoagung 3, Prambon, Nganjuk in the Academic Year 2021/2022 <p><em>Vocabulary is one of the important component</em><em>s</em><em> of language that</em> <em>must be taught to the students of Elementary School. It is usually taught in relation to four other language skills</em> <em>(listening, speaking, reading,</em><em> and </em><em>writing)</em><em>. The vocabulary teaching using song is very effective because children like to sing a song.</em></p> <p><em>Based on the preliminary study</em><em>, </em><em>the students who passed the test were 5</em><em>7</em><em>% and </em><em>43</em><em>% were unsuccessful. I</em><em>t</em><em> indicated that the student's achievement was low because they did not know the English name for </em><em>anything about “Happy Birthday”</em><em>.</em> <em>Th</em><em>is</em><em> problem make</em><em>s</em><em> the students lack </em><em>motivation in learning English</em><em>. Therefore</em><em>, </em><em>this study aimed</em><em> to improve the students’ </em><em>vocabulary skills</em> <em>using</em><em> songs. </em></p> <p><em>The design of this research is a Classroom Action Research</em><em>. There are two cycles in this research, namely Cycle I and Cycle II. Each cycle consists of four steps</em><em>: planning, </em><em>acting (implementing)</em><em>, observing, and reflection.</em><em> This research took two cycles because it's impossible to improve students’ vocabulary mastery it only took one cycle and also useful to compare the result of the test. The criteria of success of this research if there were that 75% of students scored 60 or higher. </em><em>The result of the study showed that the number of students in the </em><em>passing grade</em><em> (6</em><em>0</em><em>) </em><em>has</em><em> increased. The students who got 6</em><em>0</em><em> and more were 5</em><em>7</em><em>% in the preliminary study</em><em>. After being taught by song, the students who got 60 and more </em><em>increase</em><em>d</em><em> to 7</em><em>1</em><em>%,</em><em> and in cycle II</em> <em>increased to 85</em><em>%.</em></p> <p><em>The improvement could be gained when the </em><em>student's</em><em> performance during the learning-teaching process </em><em>was satisfied.</em> <em>T</em><em>he classroom situation </em><em>was</em><em> enjoyable and the students </em><em>were</em><em> active during the learning-teaching process</em><em>. T</em><em>he material</em><em>s </em><em>given </em><em>were</em><em> suitable for the lesson</em><em>s</em><em>, attractive, or caught the students’ attention</em><em> and </em><em>contextual</em><em>. </em></p> <p><em>Based on the research analysis as explained above, the researcher conclude</em><em>s</em><em> that teaching vocabulary through song effectively improves the students’ </em><em>vocabulary mastery</em><em>.</em></p> Yusniarsi Primasari Winarsih Copyright (c) 2022 JOSAR (Journal of Students Academic Research) 2022-09-28 2022-09-28 8 2 86 94 10.35457/josar.v8i2.2405 Juridical Analysis of Sexual Crimes Against Children (Study of Decision No.989/Pid.S/2021/PN.Bdg) <p><strong><em>Abstract</em></strong></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em><em>This study aims to find out what is the reason for the Bandung District Court judge in canceling the death sentence and chemical castration to the Defendant in the Case of Sexual Violence against Children, then to find out the reason the Judge only gave life imprisonment and a fine. The research method in this thesis is normative juridical which aims to examine a court decision or decision on Decision No. 989/Pid.S/2021/PN.Bdg. The results obtained are that the Bandung District Court Judge related to the Child Sexual Violence Case decided to cancel the decision on the death penalty and chemical castration in Decision Number 989/Pid.S/2021/PN.Bdg for several reasons. The cancellation occurred because the Defendant still has human rights that cannot be eliminated by the Judge, therefore the Judge imposes Compensation for the Defendant which will be given to the Victim. The cancellation was what changed the criminal sentence against the Defendant who was initially sentenced to Article 81 paragraph (1), paragraph (3), paragraph (5) jo. Article 76 D of the Republic of Indonesia Law Number 17 of 2006 concerning the Stipulation of Government Regulation in Lieu of Law No.1 of 2016 concerning the Second Amendment to Law Number 23 of 2002 concerning Child Protection to become Law Jo Article 65 paragraph (1) of the Criminal Code becomes life imprisonment and a fine of Rp. 331.527,186,- (three hundred and thirty-one million five hundred twenty-seven thousand one hundred and eighty-six rupiah).</em></p> ismirza briliana Copyright (c) 2022 JOSAR (Journal of Students Academic Research) 2022-09-28 2022-09-28 8 2 95 105 10.35457/josar.v8i2.2423 A PILOT PROJECT APPLICATION LEARNING MODEL TO IMPROVE KINDERGARTEN STUDENTS' ABILITY IN UNDERSTANDING PANCASILA VALUES <p>Permasalahan penelitian adalah rendahnya kemampuan siswa Taman Kanak-Kanak dalam memahami nilai-nilai&nbsp; Pancasila. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas dilaksanakan dengan siklus,&nbsp; menggunakan&nbsp; model Kemis dan Tagart setiap siklus terdiri atas empat tahap : 1) perencanaan, 2) pelaksanaan tindakan kelas, 3) observasi, dan 4)&nbsp; melakukan refleksi. Subjek penelitian siswa Taman Kanak-Kanak Bustanul Muta’allimat Blitar Kelas B. Instrumen penelitian adalah tes dan non tes. Teknik pengumpulan data&nbsp; menggunakan observasi dan tes. Teknik analisis datanya&nbsp; memakai teknik kualitatif dan kuantitatif. Temuan hasil penelitian bahwa guru sudah bisa melaksanakan sintak pembelajaran berbasis <em>pilot project</em> dengan baik. Ada kenaikan dari siklus satu&nbsp; 85% pada&nbsp; siklus dua menjadi 95%, dan pada siklus tiga&nbsp; semakin tinggi yakni 97%. Demikian juga dengan temuan hasil penelitian tentang kemampuan siswa dalam menjalankan sintak pembelajaran <em>pilot project</em> juga menunjukkan adanya peningkatan&nbsp; siklus satu 74%, pada siklus dua 82%, dan pada siklus tiga semakin tinggi yakni mencapai 88% . Sementara untuk kemampuan siswa dalam memahami dan mengamalkan nilai-nilai&nbsp; Pancasila juga mengalami peningkatan,&nbsp; siklus satu 64%, pada siklus dua 75%, dan pada siklus tiga mengalami peningkatan sebesar 89%.</p> Udin Erawanto Miranu Triantoro Copyright (c) 2022 JOSAR (Journal of Students Academic Research) 2022-09-28 2022-09-28 8 2 106 112 10.35457/josar.v8i2.2395 INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION STRATEGY OF BADMINTON TRAINER IN INCREASING THE MOTIVATION OF WOMEN'S DUAL ATHLETES DJARUM JAKARTA DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC <p><em>Interpersonal communication of badminton coaches has a role in growing the confidence of women's doubles athletes to increase motivation in training activities. Because during training activities, women's doubles athletes experience a decrease in confidence during the COVID-19 pandemic which has an impact on physical condition and performance. The research method used in this study is a qualitative research using McClelland's theory of motivation. The data collection of this research was collected by interview, informants were five badminton coaches and five women's doubles athletes at the Djarum Badminton Association Jakarta. The results of this study indicate that interpersonal communication used by coaches and women's doubles athletes can prove that interpersonal communication can be used to convey messages with the occurrence of proximity to get the results directly. In accordance with McClelland's motivational theory, the need for achievement provides a strategy regarding mastery of playing techniques during training activities as an understanding of achieving achievements and athlete benchmarks so that relationships can be established, affiliation plays a role in growing the athlete's social spirit as self-confidence that is intertwined by increasing motivation during the COVID-19 pandemic. 19, the power of fostering women's doubles athletes to have a leadership spirit and responsibility for their own personality.</em></p> Nadia Nerissa Ririn Puspita Tutiasri Copyright (c) 2022 JOSAR (Journal of Students Academic Research) 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 8 2 113 123 10.35457/josar.v8i2.2429 CRIMINAL OFFENSIVE AGAINST CHILDREN DURING THE 2019 CORONAVIRUS DISEASE PANDEMIC (COVID-19) <p><em>The purpose of the study was to examine what factors caused an increase in cases of child sexual abuse during the COVID-19 pandemic at Polrestabes Surabaya, then to determine the role of the Police in overcoming the crime of child molestation and to find out the efforts that the Police can take against the obstacles that arise. faced due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The research method in this thesis is empirical juridical, data collection in this research is carried out by means of interviews, observations and literature studies. Data analysis used descriptive analytical method and used a qualitative approach. The results of this study showed that the factors that caused the crime of sexual abuse against children continued to increase during the covid-19 pandemic due to government policy factors, economic factors, family factors, but the Police had given the best to children but due to the covid-19 pandemic. There are still obstacles in overcoming the victims of the crime of obscenity, there are three obstacles in overcoming cases of child abuse. The first factor is the lack of supporting evidence or witnesses in a case reported by the victim. Factors Both the victim or the victim's family do not want to make a fuss about the case. The third factor of the perpetrators is unknown. Thus, from these obstacles, there are efforts made by the Police, namely pre-emptive efforts, preventive efforts, and preventive efforts to tackle criminal acts of sexual abuse against children.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>Keywords: : Crime of Obscenity, Children, Covid – 19</em></p> Prajna Sherina Paramita Mas Anienda Tien Copyright (c) 2022 JOSAR (Journal of Students Academic Research) 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 8 2 124 131 10.35457/josar.v8i2.2430 IMPLEMENTATION OF ACTIONING CHILDREN AS VICTIMS OF SEXUAL VIOLENCE IN PANDEMIC SITUATIONS CORONAVIRUS DISEASE 2019 (COVID-19) <p><em>Sexual violence in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic has greatly increased. This is certainly very threatening the existence of the child. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that cause children to become victims of sexual violence and to take action against children as victims of sexual violence in the COVID-19 pandemic situation. This research method uses empirical juridical. Data collection is done by literature study and interviews. Data analysis used descriptive analytical method with a qualitative approach. The results of this study indicate that the cause of the increase in children as victims of sexual violence in the Covid-19 pandemic situation is because the implementation of the action still does not provide preventive and repressive protection. Victims and families of victims of sexual violence who are unable to report and do not know how to report the procedure for sexual violence experienced by the child, victims of sexual violence against children who often do not provide information openly, lack of facilities and infrastructure as well as human resources in regional institutions, are the obstacles found. Thus, there is a need for socialization and new innovations to the community, as well as the allocation of funds to regional institutions to maximize prevention and prosecution of children as victims of sexual violence in the COVID-19 pandemic situation.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> R. Ahmad Faisal Ramadhan Mas Anienda Tien Copyright (c) 2022 JOSAR (Journal of Students Academic Research) 2022-09-30 2022-09-30 8 2 133 144 10.35457/josar.v8i2.2432 ISSUES OF INTOLERANCE AND RADICALISM IN THE ANIMATION "NUSSA OFFICIAL <p><em>&nbsp;</em><em>YouTube media is a media used by people of all ages, including children. Animation has become one of the most common shows watched by children. However, the show "Nussa Official" from the Youtube platform was accused of having issues of intolerance and radicalism. This study uses a qualitative approach with the method of reception analysis Stuart Hall, which categorizes into three types of acceptance .. The results show that public acceptance in accepting the issue of intolerance and radicalism have their respective perceptions. In accepting the issue of intolerance, none of the informants occupy a dominant hegemonic position, while in the case of radicalism, the informants are in all positions, namely dominant-hegemonic code, negotiated code and oppositional code.</em></p> Fika Rizky Auliya Sumardjijati Copyright (c) 2022 JOSAR (Journal of Students Academic Research) 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 8 2 145 155 10.35457/josar.v8i2.2433 REPRESENTATION OF THE CONFLICT OF THE WORKING CLASS AND THE SLAUGHTER CLASS: ROLAND BARTHES' SEMIOTICS ANALYSIS IN MOVIE "TURAH" <p><em>The film Turah describes a situation that exists in today's society. In the film, Turah explains the facts about social inequality in remote parts of Indonesia. Due to socio-economic disparities, social conflicts are unavoidable. This social inequality results in injustice and position in society. The striking difference is in the financial ability and social status of the people living in certain neighborhoods. This form of social inequality makes it difficult for the lower class to get access to development outcomes to education</em><strong><em>.</em></strong></p> <p><strong><em>&nbsp;</em></strong></p> Syahrial Agung Kurniaji Dyva Clareta Copyright (c) 2022 JOSAR (Journal of Students Academic Research) 2022-10-01 2022-10-01 8 2 156 164 10.35457/josar.v8i2.2434