PENERAPAN PENGEMASAN MODIFIKASI ATMOSFER UNTUK MEMPERTAHANKAN MUTU DAN KUALITAS SENSORIK ASPARAGUS (Asparagus Officinalis L.)

  • Sohnif Nurwicahyo Putra Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang
  • Henik Sukorini Universitas Muhammdiyah Malang
  • Erfan Dani Septia Universitas Muhammdiyah Malang
Abstract views: 102 , PDF downloads: 73
Keywords: Oksigen, Karbondioksida, Respirasi

Abstract

Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis L.) merupakan salah satu sayuran yang paling populer karena mengandung banyak serat dan beberapa nutrisi penting. Ini adalah komoditas yang sangat mudah rusak karena tingkat respirasi yang sangat tinggi. Untuk menjaga kualitas produk dan untuk memenuhi permintaan konsumen, kemasan atmosfer yang dimodifikasi terbuka sangat bervariasi tergantung pada komposisi gas dan kondisi penyimpanan. Untuk memperpanjang umur asparagus dan mempertahankan kualitas disarankan menggunakan pengememasan modifikasi atmosfer aktif. Oleh karena itu, karena permintaan untuk aplikasi pengememasan modifikasi atmosfer aktif meningkat. Tinjauan ini meneliti efek dan mekanisme dimana atmosfer yang awalnya dimodifikasi mempengaruhi kualitas asparagus sehubung dengan kehilangan berat segar, kehilangan warna dan pengaturan gas. Pemilihan kondisi penyimpanan yang tepat dan optimal untuk asparagus sangat penting untuk mempertahankan kualitas dan memperpanjang umur simpan.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Anggraini, R., & Sugiarti, T. (2019). Analisis Pengemasan Jagung Manis (Zea Mays L. Saccharata Sturt) Berkelobot Dengan Berbagai Bahan Pengemas. FoodTech: Jurnal Teknologi Pangan, 1(1), 25. https://doi.org/10.26418/jft.v1i1.30344
Ayu, G., Triani, L., & Tuningrat, I. A. M. (2016). Pengaruh Pencucian dan Perebusan terhadap Residu Insektisida pada Asparagus (Asparagus Officinalis) yang Dihasilkan di Kabupaten Badung. Jurnal Ilmiah Teknologi Pertanian AGROTECHNO, 1(1), 51–55.
Belay, Z. A., Caleb, O. J., & Opara, U. L. (2017a). Impacts of low and super-atmospheric oxygen concentrations on quality attributes, phytonutrient content and volatile compounds of minimally processed pomegranate arils (cv. Wonderful). Postharvest Biology and Technology, 124, 119–127. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2016.10.007
Belay, Z. A., Caleb, O. J., & Opara, U. L. (2017b). Impacts of low and super-atmospheric oxygen concentrations on quality attributes, phytonutrient content and volatile compounds of minimally processed pomegranate arils (cv. Wonderful). Postharvest Biology and Technology, 124, 119–127.
Belay, Z. A., Caleb, O. J., & Opara, U. L. (2019). Influence of initial gas modification on physicochemical quality attributes and molecular changes in fresh and fresh-cut fruit during modified atmosphere packaging. Food Packaging and Shelf Life, 21(February). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fpsl.2019.100359
Benyathiar, P., Harte, B., & Harte, J. (2020). Shelf life extension of fresh asparagus using modified atmosphere packaging and vacuum skin packaging in microwavable tray systems. Packaging Technology and Science, 33(10), 407–415. https://doi.org/10.1002/pts.2511
Bodbodak, S., & Moshfeghifar, M. (2016). Advances in modified atmosphere packaging of fruits and vegetables. In Eco-Friendly Technology for Postharvest Produce Quality. Elsevier Inc. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-804313-4.00004-9
C. Lan, L. Hua, L. Bao, S. H. (2013). Effect of Color,Thickness and Part on Free Amino Acid Contents in Asparagus. 基础研究, 34(01), 65–68.
Caleb, O. J., Mahajan, P. V., Al-Said, F. A. J., & Opara, U. L. (2013). Modified Atmosphere Packaging Technology of Fresh and Fresh-cut Produce and the Microbial Consequences-A Review. Food and Bioprocess Technology, 6(2), 303–329. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11947-012-0932-4
Chitrakar, B., Zhang, M., & Adhikari, B. (2019). Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis): Processing effect on nutritional and phytochemical composition of spear and hard-stem byproducts. Trends in Food Science and Technology, 93(May), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs.2019.08.020
Choudhury, F. K., Rivero, R. M., Blumwald, E., & Mittler, R. (2017). Reactive oxygen species, abiotic stress and stress combination. Plant Journal, 90(5), 856–867. https://doi.org/10.1111/tpj.13299
Christ, B., & Hörtensteiner, S. (2014). Mechanism and significance of chlorophyll breakdown. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, 33, 4–20.
Dahlia, A., Haryanto, A., & Suhandy, D. (2016). Pisang Muli Studies On The Use Of Kmn To Extend The Shelf Life Of. Teknik Pertanian Lampung, 5(2), 67–72.
Dong, T., Han, R., Yu, J., Zhu, M., Zhang, Y., Gong, Y., & Li, Z. (2019). Anthocyanins accumulation and molecular analysis of correlated genes by metabolome and transcriptome in green and purple asparaguses (Asparagus officinalis, L.). Food Chemistry, 271, 18–28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2018.07.120
Gantner, M., Król, K., & Kopczyńska, K. (2020). Application of MAP and ethylene–vinyl alcohol copolymer (EVOH) to extend the shelf-life of green and white asparagus (Asparagus officinalis L.) spears. Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization, 14(4), 2030–2039. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11694-020-00449-6
Ghidelli, C., & Pérez-Gago, M. B. (2018). Recent advances in modified atmosphere packaging and edible coatings to maintain quality of fresh-cut fruits and vegetables. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 58(4), 662–679. https://doi.org/10.1080/10408398.2016.1211087
Gil, M. I. (2016). Preharvest factors and fresh-cut quality of leafy vegetables. Acta Horticulturae, 1141, 57–64. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2016.1141.6
Guo, Q., Wang, N., Liu, H., Li, Z., Lu, L., & Wang, C. (2020). The bioactive compounds and biological functions of Asparagus officinalis L. – A review. Journal of Functional Foods, 65(October), 103727. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jff.2019.103727
Hussein, Z., Caleb, O. J., Jacobs, K., Manley, M., & Opara, U. L. (2015). Effect of perforation-mediated modified atmosphere packaging and storage duration on physicochemical properties and microbial quality of fresh minimally processed ‘Acco’pomegranate arils. LWT-Food Science and Technology, 64(2), 911–918.
Iqbal, N., Khan, N. A., Ferrante, A., Trivellini, A., Francini, A., & Khan, M. I. R. (2017). Ethylene role in plant growth, development and senescence: interaction with other phytohormones. Frontiers in Plant Science, 8(April), 1–19. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2017.00475
Kafkaletou, M., Christopoulos, M. V, & Tsantili, E. (2017). Short‐term treatments with high CO2 and low O2 concentrations on quality of fresh goji berries (Lycium barbarum L.) during cold storage. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 97(15), 5194–5201.
Kahramanoğlu, İ. (2019). Effects of lemongrass oil application and modified atmosphere packaging on the postharvest life and quality of strawberry fruits. Scientia Horticulturae, 256, 108527.
Kongpatjirak, P., Safitri, A. A., & Setha, S. (2016). Pre-storage anoxia treatment affects fruit quality, antioxidant properties, and shelf life of mango. Journal of Food Science and Agricultural Technology (JFAT), 2.
Kou, J., Wei, C., Zhao, Z., Guan, J., & Wang, W. (2020). Effects of ethylene and 1-methylcyclopropene treatments on physiological changes and ripening-related gene expression of ‘Mopan’ persimmon fruit during storage. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 166(May), 111185. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2020.111185
Ku, Y. G., Bae, J. H., Namieśnik, J., Barasch, D., Nemirovski, A., Katrich, E., & Gorinstein, S. (2018). Detection of Bioactive Compounds in Organically and Conventionally Grown Asparagus Spears. Food Analytical Methods, 11(1), 309–318. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12161-017-1074-0
Li, D., Zhang, X., Li, L., Aghdam, M. S., Wei, X., Liu, J., Xu, Y., & Luo, Z. (2019). Elevated CO 2 delayed the chlorophyll degradation and anthocyanin accumulation in postharvest strawberry fruit. Food Chemistry, 285(December 2018), 163–170. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2019.01.150
Li, T., & Zhang, M. (2015). Effects of modified atmosphere package (MAP) with a silicon gum film window on the quality of stored green asparagus (Asparagus officinalis L) spears. Lwt, 60(2), 1046–1053. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2014.10.065
Li, X., Jiang, Y., Li, W., Tang, Y., & Yun, J. (2014). Effects of ascorbic acid and high oxygen modified atmosphere packaging during storage of fresh-cut eggplants. Food Science and Technology International, 20(2), 99–108. https://doi.org/10.1177/1082013212472351
Liu, E. C., Niu, L. F., Yi, Y., Wang, L. M., Ai, Y. W., Zhao, Y., Wang, H. X., & Min, T. (2020). Expression analysis of ERFs during storage under modified atmosphere packaging (High-concentration of CO2) of fresh-cut lotus root. HortScience, 55(2), 216–223. https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI14609-19
Lu, H., Wang, K., Wang, L., Li, D., Yan, J., Ban, Z., Luo, Z., Li, L., & Yang, D. (2018). Effect of superatmospheric oxygen exposure on strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Fuch.) volatiles, sensory and chemical attributes. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 142(March), 60–71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2018.04.007
Mahajan, P., Rux, G., Caleb, O., Linke, M., Herppich, W., & Geyer, M. (2015). Mathematical model for transpiration rate at 100% humidity for designing modified humidity packaging. III International Conference on Fresh-Cut Produce: Maintaining Quality and Safety 1141, 269–274.
Manolopoulou, Ε., & Varzakas, T. H. (2013). Effect of modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) on the quality of ‘ready-to-eat’shredded cabbage. International Journal of Agricultural and Food Research, 2(3).
Mastropasqua, L., Tanzarella, P., & Paciolla, C. (2016). Effects of postharvest light spectra on quality and health-related parameters in green Asparagus officinalis L. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 112, 143–151. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2015.10.010
Mattos, L. M., Moretti, C. L., & da Silva, E. Y. Y. (2013). Effects of modified atmosphere packaging on quality attributes and physiological responses of fresh-cut crisphead lettuce. CyTA-Journal of Food, 11(4), 392–397.
Millar, A. H., Whelan, J., Soole, K. L., & Day, D. A. (2011). Organization and regulation of mitochondrial respiration in plants. Annual Review of Plant Biology, 62, 79–104.
Molinu, M. G., Dore, A., Palma, A., D’Aquino, S., Azara, E., Rodov, V., & D’hallewin, G. (2016). Effect of superatmospheric oxygen storage on the content of phytonutrients in “Sanguinello Comune” blood orange. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 112, 24–30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2015.09.037
Olawuyi, I. F., Park, J. J., Lee, J. J., & Lee, W. Y. (2019). Combined effect of chitosan coating and modified atmosphere packaging on fresh-cut cucumber. Food Science and Nutrition, 7(3), 1043–1052. https://doi.org/10.1002/fsn3.937
Pan, X. C., & Sasanatayart, R. (2016). Effect of plastic films with different oxygen transmission rate on shelf-life of fresh-cut bok choy (Brassica rapa var. chinensis). International Food Research Journal, 23(5), 1865–1871.
Paniagua, A. C., East, A. R., Hindmarsh, J. P., & Heyes, Ja. (2013). Moisture loss is the major cause of firmness change during postharvest storage of blueberry. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 79, 13–19.
Pardede, E. (2020). Pengemasan Buah Dan Sayur Dengan Atmosfir Termodifikasi. Jurnal Visi Eksakta, 1(1), 11–20. https://doi.org/10.51622/eksakta.v1i1.52
Patiño, L. S., Castellanos, D. A., & Herrera, A. O. (2018). Influence of 1-MCP and modified atmosphere packaging in the quality and preservation of fresh basil. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 136(October 2017), 57–65. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2017.10.010
Rux, G., Mahajan, P. V., Geyer, M., Linke, M., Pant, A., Saengerlaub, S., & Caleb, O. J. (2015). Application of humidity-regulating tray for packaging of mushrooms. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 108, 102–110. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2015.06.010
Saputri, C. W. E., Pudja, I. A. R. P., & Kencana, P. K. D. (2019). Pengaruh Perlakuan Waktu dan Suhu Penyimpanan Dingin terhadap Mutu Kubis Bunga (Brassica Oleracea Var. Botrytis L.). Jurnal BETA (Biosistem Dan Teknik Pertanian), 8(1), 138. https://doi.org/10.24843/jbeta.2020.v08.i01.p17
Sergio, L., Cantore, V., Spremulli, L., Pinto, L., Baruzzi, F., Di Venere, D., & Boari, F. (2018). Effect of cooking and packaging conditions on quality of semi-dried green asparagus during cold storage. Lwt, 89, 712–718. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2017.11.037
Silaen, S. (2021). Pengaruh Transpirasi Tumbuhan Dan Komponen Didalamnya. Agroprimatech, 5(1), 14–20. https://doi.org/10.34012/agroprimatech.v5i1.2081
Singh, V., Hedayetullah, M., Zaman, P., & Meher, J. (2014). Postharvest Technology of Fruits and Vegetables: An Overview. Journal of Post-Harvest Technology, 2(2), 124–135.
Siomos, A. S. (2018). The quality of asparagus as affected by preharvest factors. Scientia Horticulturae, 233(June 2017), 510–519. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2017.12.031
Slatnar, A., Mikulic-Petkovsek, M., Stampar, F., Veberic, R., Horvat, J., Jakse, M., & Sircelj, H. (2018). Game of tones: Sugars, organic acids, and phenolics in green and purple asparagus (Asparagus officinalis L.) cultivars. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 42(1), 55–66. https://doi.org/10.3906/tar-1707-44
Soltani, M., Alimardani, R., Mobli, H., & Mohtasebi, S. S. (2015). Modified atmosphere packaging: a progressive technology for shelf-life extension of fruits and vegetables. Journal of Applied Packaging Research, 7(3), 2.
Susanto, A., Supriyadi, Y., Tohidin, T., & Iqbal, M. (2018). Keragaman Serangga Hama pada Tanaman Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis L.) di Sentra Budidaya Tanaman Agroduta Lembang Jawa Barat. Agrikultura, 29(1), 48. https://doi.org/10.24198/agrikultura.v29i1.17869
Techavuthiporn, C., & Boonyaritthongchai, P. (2016). Effect of prestorage short-term Anoxia treatment and modified atmosphere packaging on the physical and chemical changes of green asparagus. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 117, 64–70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2016.01.016
Teixeira, G. H. A., Cunha Júnior, L. C., Ferraudo, A. S., & Durigan, J. F. (2016). Quality of guava (Psidium guajava L. cv. Pedro Sato) fruit stored in low-O2 controlled atmospheres is negatively affected by increasing levels of CO2. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 111, 62–68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2015.07.022
Tudela, J. A., Hernández, N., Pérez-Vicente, A., & Gil, M. I. (2017). Growing season climates affect quality of fresh-cut lettuce. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 123, 60–68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2016.08.013
Wang, J., & Fan, L. (2019). Effect of ultrasound treatment on microbial inhibition and quality maintenance of green asparagus during cold storage. Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 58(May), 104631. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ultsonch.2019.104631
Wang, L. X., Choi, I. L., & Kang, H. M. (2020a). Correlations among quality characteristics of green asparagus affected by the application methods of elevated co2 combined with ma packaging. Horticulturae, 6(4), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae6040103
Wang, L. X., Choi, I. L., & Kang, H. M. (2020b). Effect of high co2 treatment and ma packaging on sensory quality and physiological-biochemical characteristics of green asparagus (Asparagus officinalis l.) during postharvest storage. Horticulturae, 6(4), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae6040084
Wani, A. A., Singh, P., Gul, K., Wani, M. H., & Langowski, H.-C. (2014). Sweet cherry (Prunus avium): Critical factors affecting the composition and shelf life. Food Packaging and Shelf Life, 1(1), 86–99.
Warto, W., & Samsuri, S. (2020). Sertifikasi Halal dan Implikasinya Bagi Bisnis Produk Halal di Indonesia. Al Maal: Journal of Islamic Economics and Banking, 2(1), 98. https://doi.org/10.31000/almaal.v2i1.2803
Wasala, W., Dissanayake, C. A. K., Dharmasena, D. A. N., Gunawardane, C. R., & Dissanayake, T. M. R. (2014). Postharvest losses, current issues and demand for postharvest technologies for loss management in the main banana supply chains in Sri Lanka. Journal of Postharvest Technology, 2(1), 80–87.
Wilson, M. D., Stanley, R. A., Eyles, A., & Ross, T. (2019). Innovative processes and technologies for modified atmosphere packaging of fresh and fresh-cut fruits and vegetables. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 59(3), 411–422. https://doi.org/10.1080/10408398.2017.1375892
Yi, J., Feng, H., Bi, J., Zhou, L., Zhou, M., Cao, J., & Li, J. (2016). High hydrostatic pressure induced physiological changes and physical damages in asparagus spears. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 118, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2016.03.015
Yildirim, S., Röcker, B., Pettersen, M. K., Nilsen-Nygaard, J., Ayhan, Z., Rutkaite, R., Radusin, T., Suminska, P., Marcos, B., & Coma, V. (2018). Active Packaging Applications for Food. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, 17(1), 165–199. https://doi.org/10.1111/1541-4337.12322
Yin, X. R., Xie, X. L., Xia, X. J., Yu, J. Q., Ferguson, I. B., Giovannoni, J. J., & Chen, K. S. (2016). Involvement of an ethylene response factor in chlorophyll degradation during citrus fruit degreening. The Plant Journal : For Cell and Molecular Biology, 86(5), 403–412. https://doi.org/10.1111/tpj.13178
Zhao, S., Yang, Z., Zhang, L., Luo, N., & Wang, C. (2018). Effects of different direction of temperature jump treatment on cucumbers. Journal of Food Process Engineering, 41(1). https://doi.org/10.1111/jfpe.12600.

PlumX Metrics

Published
2024-05-31
How to Cite
Putra, S. N., Sukorini, H., & Septia, E. D. (2024). PENERAPAN PENGEMASAN MODIFIKASI ATMOSFER UNTUK MEMPERTAHANKAN MUTU DAN KUALITAS SENSORIK ASPARAGUS (Asparagus Officinalis L.). VIABEL: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian, 18(1), 76-87. https://doi.org/10.35457/viabel.v18i1.3467
Section
Articles