IDENTIFIKASI MORFOLOGI DAN KEKERABATAN SALAK DI JAWA TIMUR

  • Chitra Christie Universitas Kahuripan Kediri
  • Nia Agus Lestari Universitas Kahuripan Kediri
Abstract views: 11 , PDF downloads: 11
Keywords: morphological, phylogeny, Salacca zalacca, East Java

Abstract

Salak has the scientific name Salacca zalacca including a low-growing family of palms. This seasonal fruit plant is a type of horticulture that has the potentioal to become an axport commodity in Indonesia. In East Java, especially in Lumajang, Madura and Kediri are areas that produce salak commodities. Morphological identification aims to obtain basic traits so that the appearance or phenotype of each accession can be distinguished quickly and easily, by estimating how much genetic diversity it has. This study aims to determine the morphological characters and to determine the salak kinship of Lumajang, Kediri and Madura. The result of phylogeny analysis of the Salacca zalacca kinship in East Java show that the results of the kinship analysis of the salak in the Lumajang, Kediri and Madura areas formed 2 large groups or cluster. So it can be concluded that the Salacca zalacca originating from the Lumajang, Kediri and Madura areas still come from the same ancestor. This can be seen from the value of kinship distance, the morphological identificaion equation. In addition, environmental factors can also affect the morphology of plants. Sunlight intensity, N and P nutrients can also affect the difference in leaf color

References

1. Imam, Santoso dkk. Warta Pertanian Menuju Kedaulatan Pangan. Jakarta : Kementerian Pertanian , 2019.
2. Tim Karya Mandiri. Pedoman Budidaya Buah Salak. Bandung : CV Nuansa Aulia, 2010.
3. Badan Pusat Statistik. Indeks Berantai Luas Panen Sayuran dan Buah-buahan Tahunan di Jawa Timur Tahun 2009-2017. [Online] 2018. http: https://jatim.bps.go.id/statictable/2018/11/06/1373/indeks-berantai-luas-panen-sayuran-dan-buah-buahan-tahunan-di-jawa-timur-2009-2017.html..
4. Analisis Morfologi dan Hubungan Kekerabatan Sebelas Jenis Tanaman Salak (Salacca zalacca (Gertner))Voss Bangkalan. Fatimah, dan Suryawati. s.l. : Agrovigor, 2013, Vol. 6. 1979 5777.
5. Uji Kekerabatan Antara Salak Jantan dan Salak Betina (Salacca zalacca (Gertner)) Voss Bangkalan. Fatimah, dan Suryawati. s.l. : Agriovor, 2015, Vol. 8. 1979 5777.
6. Sutoyo, dan Suprapto. Budidaya Tanaman Salak. Jawa Tengah : Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian, 2010.
7. Beberapa Karakter Morfologis Tanaman Salak (Salacca zalacca (Gertner) Voss di Kampung Bawoleu Kecamatan Tagulandang Utara, Kabupaten Kepualuan Siau Tahulandang Biato). Pulakiang, Andrew R. Manado : Jurnal Eugenia , 2017, Vol. Volume 23.
8. Identifikasi Karakter Morfologis Salak Sumatera Utara (Salacca sumatrana Becc) di Beberapa Daerah Kabupaten Tapanuli Selatan. Harahap, Hilda M dkk. s.l. : Jurnal Online Agroekoteknologi, 2013, Vol. Volume 1. ISSN: 2337-6597.
9. Karakterisasi Morfologi Salacca zalacca (Gaertner) Voss Kediri. Choiriyah, Novy N. s.l. : Jurnal Simki-Techsain, 2018, Vol. Volume 02. ISSN : 2599-3011.
10. Pearson. Pearson correlation coefficient. Wikipedia. [Online] Agustus 2020. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pearson_correlation_coefficient.
11. Puigbo, Santi Garcia Vallve and Pere. DendroUPGMA: A dendrogram construction utility. DendroUPGMA: A dendrogram construction utility. [Online] 2002. http://genomes.urv.cat/UPGMA/.
12. KERAGAMAN JENIS SALAK BANGKALAN {Salacca Zalacca (Gaertner) Voss} Menggunakan Penanda Morfologi Dan Analisis Isozim. Ariestin, Yuliamita and Sumeru, Kuswanto dan Ashari. Malang : Jurnal Produksi Tanaman, 2015, Vol. 3 Nomor 1.
13. Analisis Morfologi dan Hubungan Kekerabatan Sebelas Jenis Tanaman Salak (Salacca zalacca (Gertner) Voss) Bangkalan. Fatimah, Siti. s.l. : Agriovor, 2013, Vol. 6 Nomor 1.
14. Analisis Keragaman Plasma Nutfah Durian Di Provinsi Bengkulu Berdasarkan Karakter Morfologi. Miswarti. Bengkulu : Bul.Plasma Nutfah, 2017, Vol. 23 Nomor 1.
Published
2020-11-12
How to Cite
Christie, C., & Agus Lestari , N. (2020). IDENTIFIKASI MORFOLOGI DAN KEKERABATAN SALAK DI JAWA TIMUR. VIABEL: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian, 14(2), 26-33. https://doi.org/10.35457/viabel.v14i2.1228