ANALISIS KEUNGGULAN KOMPARATIF DAN KOMPETITIF BERAS SOLOK (Studi Kasus di Kota Solok )

  • Mahmud Mahmud Universitas Mahaputra Muhammad Yamin
  • Mardianto Mardianto Universitas Mahaputra Muhammad Yamin
Abstract views: 32 , PDF downloads: 19
Keywords: Competitiveness, Financial analysis, Free market, Policy Analysis Matrix

Abstract

      The research on "Analysis of Comparative and Competitive Advantages of Solok Rice (Case Study in Solok City)" is aimed to analyze the competitiveness of Solok rice based on comparative and competitive advantages and looking at the impact of rice policy in Solok City.  The method used in this research is the case study method. The analytical tool used is the Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM). The results showed that rice farming in Solok City had comparative and competitive advantages, because a private profit of Rp. 6,454,307.44 and social benefits of Rp. 2,698,042,60. The results of the analysis obtained the value of PCR <1 (0.45) and DRCR <1 (0.66), which means that financially Solok rice farming is efficient and has the potential to trade in the free market. Solok rice farming is also effective to carry out even though there are output and input policies, because the EPC value> 1. The implementation of the protection policy applied by the government still provides incentives to farmers producing rice Solok because the value of NT> 0 and PC> 1. Farmer income will increase 31% if there is no market distortion carried out by the government because the SRP value obtained is 0.31.

References

Badan Pusat Statistik Sumatera Barat. 2018. Sumatera Barat dalam Angka. Badan Pusat Statistik Sumatera Barat
Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Solok. 2016. Kota Solok Dalam Angka. Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Solok.
Bishop C.E. dan W.D. Toussaint. 1979. Pengantar Analisa Ekonomi Pertanian. Penterjemah : Wisnuardi, Harsojono dan Suparmoko. Jakarta. Mutiara. 315 hal.
Gerungan, L. Mega. 2012. Analisis keunggulan Komparatif dan Kompetitif Komoditi Biji Pala di Minahasa Utara.
Hermayanti, NW, Z. Abidin, H. Santoso. 2013. Analisis Daya Saing Usahatani Kelapa Sawit di Kecamatan Waway Karya Kabupaten Lampung Timur. Universitas Lampung. Bandar Lampung.
Monke, E.A dan Pearson, S.R. 1989. The Policy Analysis Matrix for Agricultural Development. Cornel University Press, Ithaca and London.
Murtiningrum, Fery. 2013. Analisis Daya Saing Usahatani Kopi Robusta (Coffea Canephora) di Kabupaten Rejang Lebong. Tesis S-2 Program Pasca Sarjana Universitas Bengkulu. Bengkulu.
Nurmalina, R. dan T. Novianti.2010. Analisis Manfaat Biaya. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor.
Rum, M. 2010. Analisis Usahatani dan Evaluasi Kebijakan Pemerintah Terkait Komoditas Cabai Besar di Kabupaten Malang dengan Menggunakan Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM). Jurusan Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Trunojoyo.
Wirartha, I. 2005. Metodologi Penelitian Sosial Ekonomi. Andi Offset. Yogyakarta.
Wulandari, N.I. 2010. Penentuan Agribisnis Unggulan Komoditi Pertanian Berdasarkan Nilai Produksi di Kabupaten Grobogon. Tesis S-2 Program Pasca Sarjana Universitas Diponegoro. Semarang.
Published
2020-05-29
How to Cite
Mahmud, M., & Mardianto, M. (2020). ANALISIS KEUNGGULAN KOMPARATIF DAN KOMPETITIF BERAS SOLOK (Studi Kasus di Kota Solok ). VIABEL: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian, 14(1), 44-53. https://doi.org/10.35457/viabel.v14i1.1000
Section
Articles